Five genetically encoded needs which serve as the theoretical basis for reality therapy
- A focus on unsatisfying relationships or lack of relationships, which is often a cause of problems.
- Prioritizing wants and uncovering what is most important
- Understanding total behavior which is made up of acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology
CHARACTERISTICS OF REALITY THERAPY
- Emphasis on choice and responsibility
- Rejection of transference
- Keeping therapy in the present
- Avoiding a focus on symptoms
- Challenging traditional views of mental illness
- Understanding our "quality world" or our file of wants which lies at the core of our lives and consists of people, activities, events, beliefs, possessions, and situations that fulfill our needs
Dr. William Glasser
Robert E. Wubbolding, EdD
GOALS OF REALITY THERAPY
- To assist clients in getting connected or reconnected with the people they have chosen to put in their quality world.
- To help the client learn better ways of fulfilling all of their needs
- Assisting clients in making more effective and responsible choices related to their wants and needs
- Behavioral change
- Better decision making
- Improvement of significant relationships
- Enhanced living
- More effective satisfaction of all psychological needs
- Creation of a supportive and challenging environment to allow clients to begin making life changes
- Implementation of specific procedures that will lead to changes in behavior
- Wubbolding's WDEP System - Strategies which assist clients in satisfying and exploring their basic needs.
- Doing and Direction
- Evaluation of Self
- Planning and Action
Corey, Gerald (2012). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. 9th ed.
Belmont,California: Brooks/Cole. (pp. 334-356).